Standards & Criteria used for Evaluating Electrical Apprenticeship Students

CCDA – Primary Standard

  • The Canadian Council of Directors of Apprenticeship (CCDA) consists of provincial and territorial representatives with responsibility for apprenticeship in their respective jurisdictions and two representatives from the Federal Government.
  • The Interprovincial Standards Red Seal Program is administered by the CCDA
  • Long established culture of continuous improvement, industry input and industry validation
  • Provides options for apprenticeship jurisdictions while recognizing that apprenticeship and trade certification are the responsibilities of each province and territory.

NOA – Primary Standard

The National Occupational Analyses

  • The first National Conference on Apprenticeship in Trades and Industries, held in Ottawa in 1952, recommended that the federal government be requested to cooperate with provincial and
    territorial apprenticeship committees and officials in preparing analyses of a number of skilled occupations. To this end, Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC) sponsors a program, under the guidance of the Canadian Council of Directors of Apprenticeship (CCDA), to develop a series of national occupational analyses.

NOA Background

  • An NOA is reviewed and revised at least every five years. Each NOA is developed by a Joint Planning Committee and the Interprovincial Program Guide Working Group, comprised of industry and instructional representatives in a specific trade from each province and territory in Canada. All Joint Planning Committees operate under the auspices of the Canadian Council of Directors of Apprenticeship (CCDA) which recognizes the NOA as the key document in an occupation. The CCDA consists of directors/managers of apprenticeship from every province and territory in Canada.
  • National Occupation Classification

The NOA:

  • lists every technical skill requirement in a trade;
  • is used to create the Apprentice Log Book in a trade;
  • is used to develop curriculum for trades training programs; and
  • is used to develop the questions for Interprovincial (Red Seal) Exam.

Red Seal Program – Primary Standard

  • Through the Interprovincial Standards Red Seal Program, tradespersons are able to obtain a Red Seal endorsement on their provincial/territorial certificates by successfully completing an interprovincial Red Seal examination based on common standards. The program acknowledges their competence and ensures recognition of their certification across Canada without further examination.  While professional certificates or licenses are recognized by all jurisdictions under the Agreement on Internal Trade (AIT), the Red Seal provides the assurance that workers are qualified according to common standards of knowledge and competency as defined by industry.  The Red Seal represents an interprovincial standard of excellence for the skilled trades prized by employers.

ITA – Primary Standard

  • The Industry Training Authority (ITA) leads and coordinates British Columbia’s skilled trades system. ITA works with employers, employees, industry, labour, training providers and government to issue credentials, manage apprenticeships, set program standards, and increase opportunities in the trades.

BCIT – Primary Standard

  • BCIT transfers to the Industry Training Authority (ITA) the student’s name, contact information, Personal Education Number (PEN), and the name and date of the completed ITA Foundation or Entry Level Trades Training (ELTT) program. This information is used for the purposes of tracking successful completions in order to grant credit towards apprenticeship where applicable, and communicating with trainees to promote continuation in an apprenticeship program.

CSA – Primary Standard

  • Canadian Standards Association (CSA) standards are developed through a consensus standards development process approved by the Standards Council of Canada. This process brings together volunteers representing varied viewpoints and interests to achieve consensus and develop a standard. Although CSA administers the process and establishes rules to promote fairness in achieving consensus, it does not independently test, evaluate, or verify the content of standards. Published in January 2012 by Canadian Standards Association a not-for-profit private sector organization.

CEC – Primary Standard

  • The Canadian Electrical Code, Part I, is a voluntary code for adoption and enforcement by regulatory authorities.
  • The Canadian Electrical Code, Part I, meets the fundamental safety principles of International Standard IEC 60364-1, Low-voltage electrical installations.
  • Consult with local authorities regarding regulations that adopt and/or amend this Code.
  • The object of this Code is to establish safety standards for the installation and maintenance of electrical equipment. In its preparation, consideration has been given to the prevention of fire and shock hazards, as well as proper maintenance and operation.

BC Building Code – Primary Standard

  • The BC Building Code applies to the construction of buildings; including extensions, substantial alterations, buildings undergoing a change for occupancy, “green” building specifications, and upgrading of buildings to remove an unacceptable hazard. It applies the core concepts of the National Building Code, combined with elements specific to BC’s unique needs.

BCSA – Primary Standard

  • BC Safety Authority is an independent, self-funded organization mandated to oversee the safe installation and operation of technical systems and equipment. In addition to issuing permits, licences and certificates, we work with industry to reduce safety risks through assessment, education and outreach, enforcement, and research.

OSH – Primary Standard

  •  The Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) Regulation contains legal requirements that must be met by all workplaces under the inspection jurisdiction of WorkSafeBC. Many sections of the Regulation have associated guidelines and policies.

WCB – Primary Standard

  • WorkSafeBC is dedicated to promoting workplace health and safety for the workers and employers of this province. We consult with and educate employers and workers and enforce the Occupational Health and Safety Regulation.

WHMIS – Primary Standard

  • WHMIS is a short form for Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System. It is a comprehensive plan for providing information on the safe use of hazardous materials used in Canadian workplaces. Information is provided by means of product labels, material safety data sheets (MSDS) and worker education programs. The main components of WHMIS are hazard identification and product classification, labelling, material safety data sheets, and worker training and education enforced by WorkSafeBC.

IEEE – Tertiary Standard

  • IEEE, pronounced “Eye-triple-E,” stands for the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. IEEE is the world’s largest professional association dedicated to advancing technological innovation and excellence for the benefit of humanity. IEEE and its members inspire a global community through IEEE’s highly cited publications, conferences, technology standards, and professional and educational activities.

NEMA – Tertiary Standard

  • The National Electrical Manufacturers Association provides a forum for the development of technical standards that are in the best interests of the industry and users, advocacy of industry policies on legislative and regulatory matters, and collection, analysis, and dissemination of industry data.

NFPA – Primary Standard

  • The mission of the international nonprofit NFPA, established in 1896, is to reduce the worldwide burden of fire and other hazards on the quality of life by providing and advocating consensus codes and standards, research, training, and education.
  • The world’s leading advocate of fire prevention and an authoritative source on public safety, NFPA develops, publishes, and disseminates more than 300 consensus codes and standards intended to minimize the possibility and effects of fire and other risks.


Safety standards/criteria are deemed critical.

  • “…79% of all occupational injuries were experienced by workers who were not certified electricians, rather they were apprentices…”  (ESFI, 2012)
  • In a recent eight-year study covering the period 1998 to 2006, the Ontario Ministry of Labour (MOL) noted the following workplace electrical incidents. There were 1,058 worker injuries and death due to electrical contact: (a) 65 of these were fatalities, (b) 240 were critical injuries, (c) 753 were non-critical injuries, and (d) 1,293 were power line contact events (3). (ESFI, 2012)
  • Human behavior factors such as risk perception, hazard training and recognition, personality, retraining, apprentice training and close supervision, peer and supervisory influence, safety culture, education, and economic realities all play a role in whether a worker will knowingly take a risk, or will bear a risk if another asks or coerces him/her into doing so. (ESFI, 2012)



Electrical Safety Foundation International (ESFI) (2012), Canada: White Paper on Improving Electrical Safety for All Canadians.

Retrieved December 10, 2013, from

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